History of Baguio City, about 3 hours from Clark, Philippines

March 23, 2011


The area now known as Baguio City was first called Kafagway and occupied by the Kankaney and Ibaloi tribes of the Cordilleras.


Spanish Occupation.


During their occupation of the Philippines, the Spanish colonizers conducted a series of expeditions, led by Juan Salcedo in 1572 and Don Q.M. Quirante in 1694 to the cool mountains of Benguet.


A series of failed attempts to conquer the natives were made until foothold was finally gained by Commandante

de Galvey in 1846, when he was able to establish a commandancia or military garrison in a beautiful stretch of fertile flat land.


This he named after his wife, and is now known as La Trinidad. Galvey went on to establish the province of Benguet with 31 ‘rancherias’ (camps or rural settlements). The area known as Kafagway was then a small rancheria composed of about 20 houses. La Trinidad remains the capital of Benguet province to this date.


The ‘presidentia’ (civil government) was first established in the Guisad Valley area. It was later moved to the present site of the Baguio City Hall.


One of the notable contributions of the Spanish era was the introduction of coffee, of the arabica variety, which is still grown in this area and known as Benguet coffee.


American Occupation.


When the Americans came to Baguio, after Spain ceded the Philippines to the United States of America for $20,000.00, they found the pine-covered hills and the cool heights ideal for retreats from the sweltering heat of the lowlands. In a supreme feat of engineering feat they carved Kennon Road, from the mountains surrounding the Bued River Canyon, connecting Kafagway to the Pangasinan and Ilocos lowlands.


Early in 1900 the Americans established their government with H. Phelps Whitmarsh as the first civil governor appointed for the first provincial government established in the Philippine Islands, Benguet. At that time, the Philippines was still under the U.S. Military Government.


Baguio was then the capital of Benguet, and the American’s best administrators and teachers were fervent boosters and promoters: Worcester, Wright, Forbes, Pack, Barrows, Eckman and others who together with Filipinos committed to make the place a virtual heaven on earth.


Baguio was set up as both a mining town and a recreational facility. The mountains surrounding Kennon were mined with camps erected from the base to the plateau that Baguio sits on. In 1903,  Camp John Hay was developed for the rest and recreation of the U.S. Armed Forces.


Baguio City was designed by premier American architect and urban planner Daniel H. Burnham, who also master-planned Chicago’s One Magnificent Mile and Manila’s Roxas Boulevard. American missionaries came and “Christianized” the natives and English became the lingua franca.


On September 9, 1909, Baguio was declared a chartered city and the “Summer Capital of the Philippines” with The Mansion as the residence of the American governor-general during the summer to escape Manila’s heat. The Philippine Commission held it’s session in Baguio City, in the area on top of what is now known as Session Road.


Japanese Occupation.


After the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, the war in the Pacific broke out, and the Philippines, being the only colony of the United States became a prime target. The Japanese bombed Baguio on December 8, 1941 and occupied it on December 27 of the same year, setting up their headquarters at Camp John Hay.


However, the war eventually changed course and on September 3, 1945, General Yamashita formally surrendered to the Americans at the US Ambassador’s residence in Camp John Hay, after which, Baguio immediately set to the task of rehabilitation.



Philippine Independence.



When the Philippines was granted independence in 1946, Baguio City continued to be the Summer Capital of the Philippines, with Camp John Hay being retained by the Americans under the RP-US Bases Agreement.


During summers, the whole of the Philippine Government conducted its business in Baguio City, a tradition that is continued today only by the Philippine Supreme Court. This partly  accounts for the ownership of a lot of beautiful vacation homes by the country’s oldest families in areas like Leonard Wood Road, Park Drive and South Drive.

Most of the prime property in Baguio City is owned by the national government: Cabinet Hill, Engineer’s Hill, Supreme Court Compound, Court of Appeals Compund, Comelec Compound.


Baguio was the Philippines’ top tourist destination from 1946 until July 16, 1990, when an earthquake destroyed many of the city’s buildings. The city was quickly rebuilt and all traces of the tragedy removed. Camp John Hay was turned over to the Philippine Government  on July 1, 1991 simultaneously with the turnover of all U.S. Bases in the Philippines, and was, in turn, awarded to a private developer in 1997 on a long-term lease contract.


Today, Baguio City is the seat of the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR), composed of the provinces of Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, Apayao and Mountain Province, and remains the Summer Capital of the Philippines.


More and more, frequent diners from Manila, Angeles City, Subic and other major cities in Asia travel to North Luzon Pampanga Clark Freeport to enjoy good food in a romantic fine dining restaurant.  On their list of requirements is a good wine list that not only offers a wide selection of wines from different countries but also older vintages that can be enjoyed now and not ten years later.   Classic fine dining is the experience that guests of Clark Philippines’ Yats Restaurant & Wine Bar offers to their guests.  Although this is an upscale fine dining establishment, families find the restaurant to be very children friendly.


Competition for a spot in the top ten restaurants in Manila heats up as frequent diners look for more than just chic decoration and a fancy menu.  Top restaurants in Manila are offering not only good food and a cozy ambience but also a wine list that beats the competition.


Yats Wine Bar and Cigar Lounge is the new popular spot of nightlife and entertainment in Angeles and Clark Philippines.  The there two walk-in cellars, one of which contains some 2000 greatest bottles including the rare 1900 Ch. Margaux, 1974 Heitz Martha Vineyards, 1947 Cheval Blanc, 1961 Latour, a fine collection of DRC Burgundies such as 1985 La Tache, old Dom Perignon dating back to 1964 and am impressive collection of Brunello, Barolo, Vintage Port and great wines from Spain, Germany, South Africa and Australia.


Fine dining Yats Restaurant offers privacy dining facilities for business and social needs. It is a short way out of Manila.  Many frequent diners prefer to go out of town to enjoy an evening in a cozy restaurant, good food and fine vintage wine.



For comments, inquiries and reservations click on <a href=” http://www.yatsrestaurant.com/booking/index.html”>Click here for inquiry and reservations</a>





(045) 599-5600




Ask for Pedro and Rechel


<a href=”http://www.YatsRestaurant.com”>www. YatsRestaurant.com</a>



Getting to this fine dining restaurant of Angeles City Clark Freeport Zone Pampanga Philippines

How to get to this fine-dining restaurant in Clark Philippines?  Once you get to Clark Freeport, go straight until you hit Mimosa.  After you enter Mimosa, stay on the left on Mimosa Drive, go past the Holiday Inn and Yats Restaurant (green top, independent 1-storey structure) is on your left.  Just past the Yats Restaurant is the London Pub.





Yats Restaurant & Wine Bar

Mimosa Drive past Holiday Inn, Mimosa Leisure Estate,

Clark Freeport Zone, Pampanga, Philippines 2023


Manila Sales Office

3003C East Tower, Phil Stock Exchange Center,

Exchange Rd Ortigas Metro Manila, Philippines 1605

(632) 637-5019   0917-520-4393  Rea or Chay


For any assistance in planning and organizing a wedding ceremony, indoor or outdoor garden reception or to find other wedding service providers, Click here to contact us  <a href=”http://www.philippinesweddingvenue.com/?page_id=4″>click here</a>


For assistance in hotel and resort bookings in Clark, Pampanga, Philippines, log on to

<a href=”http://www.HotelClarkPhilippines.com”>http://www.HotelClarkPhilippines.com</a>


To buy wine in Manila, Pampanga, Angeles City, Clark or Subic please log on to <a href=”http://www.ClarkWineCenter.com”>http://www. ClarkWineCenter.com</a>



To inquire with the highly recommended beach resort hotel in Clark Pampanga visit <a href=”http://www.ClearwaterPhililippines.com”>http://www.ClearwaterPhililippines.com</a>


For more information about Clark, Pampanga, Philippines log on to

<a href=”http://www.ClarkPhilippines.com”>http://www.ClarkPhilippines.com</a>


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Mimosa Golf Estate, Clark Field (Clark Airbase), Clark Freeport Zone, Pampanga, Philippines
Tel: (045) 599-5600 0922-870-5194 0917-520-4401 Ask for Daniel, Lito or Cosh

Banquet, Events and Functions, Manila Sales Office 3003C East Tower, Philippines Stock Exchange Center
Exchange Road, Ortigas Center, Metro Manila, Philippines
Tel: (632) 633-1566 ask for Rea or Chay

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