Sweet wine from France’s Loire Valley

March 31, 2011


About Dessert Sweet Wine


Best wine supplier in Philippines discusses wine related topics


An enormous amount of wine is created in this vast region, mostly white, but with a good deal of red too. Styles change as you follow the course of the river, according to the grape varieties planted and wine-making techniques practised. But the one thing all of these wines share is that they are made to display freshness and relatively high acidity, and rarely is oak used to ferment or age the wines.


The Loire, like Champagne, is close to the northern limits of commercial grape growing. Long, hot summers are the exception here rather than the rule, and the worry is always whether the grapes will ripen sufficiently. The relatively sharp style of these wines is rather out of favour at the moment, the world seeming to prefer oaky, full-bodied whites and tannic, strong, fruit-driven reds.


Geography and climate

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<td>The Loire valley   covers a huge tract of land that follows the river from the Atlantic ocean   near Nantes,   all the way east and south almost to the Rhône. There is a huge variation in   climate and soil.


The Loire   splits quite neatly into 3 separate sections:


The <strong>western Loire</strong>,   around Nantes,   is the home of Muscadet. This is an area of low, sandy hills and the climate   is cool.</td>






In the <strong>middle Loire</strong> things heat up a little, and the climate is mild with moderate rainfall. The west of this area has a tendency towards the noble rot, and is capable of making some great sweet wines.


The <strong>upper Loire</strong> is to the extreme northeast of the valley. A more continental climate, summers are hot but short. The soil is a mixture of limestone, sand and chalk, known as “Tufa”.



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<td>The Loire   has a large number of different grape varieties, some of which dominate   different parts of the region. They include:


<li><em>Muscadet</em> which dominates the western Loire,        making dry white wines</li>

<li><em>Chenin Blanc</em> which is the great grape of the middle Loire,        with red wines made from <em>Cabernet Franc</em></li>

<li><em>Sauvignon Blanc</em> which is the star of the upper Loire.        Reds are made from the <em>Pinot Noir</em></li>






The great wines of the Loire


The western Loire

This coastal area, the “Pays de Nantes” is the home of Muscadet. The Muscadet grape makes a “neutral” wine. In cool years it can be rather tart. The better Muscadets come from <em>Sèvre-et-Maine</em> to the east of the city of Nantes. When choosing a Muscadet, perhaps the most important thing to look out for on the label is the term “Sur Lie”. This means that the wine has been aged on its “lees”, the mix of yeast cells and grape fragments that remains after fermentation. Sur Lie wines are bottled directly off the lees without filtration and have added fruitiness, a nutty quality and sometimes a little hint of sparkle on the tongue.


The middle Loire

This area includes such well known wine regions as <em>Vouvray, Tourraine</em> and <em>Chinon.</em> A whole range of wines is made in this large area, including red, white, rosé, sweet and sparkling. The great white grape of the region is the Chenin Blanc, which is used for both dry and sweet, sometimes Botrytis-affected wines. Dry Chenin Blanc may appear as <em>Vouvray Sec, Savennières</em> or under a variety of different regional names. This wine can be rather acidic and sharp, but the best examples have a honeyed, buttery taste which becomes more pronounced as they age. Chenin Blanc, even in quite modest bottles, makes one of the longest lived dry white wines.


From <em>AC Coteaux du Layon</em> come some great sweet wines. There is a micro-climate here not unlike that of Sauternes, that creates the conditions for <em>Botrytis cinerea</em>. These wines are luscious and balanced and reasonably priced. Look out for the wines of<em> AC Quarts de Chaume </em>and <em>AC Bonnezeaux</em>, the top two individual ACs within Coteaux du Layon producing brilliant sweet whites.


The middle Loire reds deserve to be better known than they are. <em>AC Chinon</em> produces Cabernet Francs that are fresh with raspberry fruit and an earthy quality. Look for estate bottled examples and there are some bargains to be found at around £6 or £7.00 ($10-$12). <em>AC Bourgueil </em>and <em>St-Nicolas-de-Bourgueil </em>produce very similar wines, and the quality is just about as good.


There are fine sparkling wines made in many districts, often signified with the word <em>Mousseux</em> on the label. Sparkling Vouvray is probably the best of the lot, made by the Champagne method and again, reasonably priced. Best producers include <em>Domaine des Aubuisières</em> and <em>Marc Brédif</em>.


The upper Loire

Confusingly, this area is often referred to as the “central vineyards” – confusing, because though roughly in the centre of <em>France</em>, it is the northeastern limit of the Loire Valley. The greatest name of the region is undoubtedly <em>Sancerre</em>. This world famous wine of the region is 100% Sauvignon Blanc, the best of which comes from the chalky hills around the town of Sancerre. At its best, Sancerre is an incredibly vivid, pungent wine, with grassy, gooseberry aromas and plenty of acidity.

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<td>Just across the river   lies <em>Pouilly-Fumé</em>, home of very similar wines, though prices are now   creeping up to similar levels. Pouilly-Fumé is said to pick up subtle, flinty   flavours from <em>Silex</em>, the flint-rich soil of the area.


Red Sancerre is 100%   Pinot Noir, and although less common and needing a good sunny vintage to   fully ripen, can be very good. Top Sancerre producers include <em>Bourgeois,   de Ladoucette, Cotat, Château de Tracy </em>and <em>Crochet</em>.</td>




Just to the west of Sancerre lies an interesting region: <em>AC Menetou-Salon</em>. This area produces lovely wines using the same grapes, both red and white. Cheaper than Sancerre (and sometimes even better), top producers include <em>Pellé, Chavet and Teiller</em>.


The New World


Undoubtedly the biggest world-wide success for any Loire grape variety is with Sauvignon Blanc. Fine examples are produced in Chile, California, South Africa, Australia and, especially, New Zealand.


It is in New Zealand – more specifically in the Marlborough region of New Zealand – that Sauvignon Blanc has found possibly its greatest expression. The long, cool, dry ripening season and free-draining stony soil seems ideal for the variety. Marlborough Sauvignons are particularly intense: grassy and gooseberry flavours as in Sancerre, but with an added dimension of tropical fruit and really zingy, grapefruit acidity. Top producers include: <em>Isabel</em><em>, Montana, Cloudy Bay, Jackson Estate, Hunters and Villa Maria</em>. Other areas, in the south of North island are coming on stream with superb wines, as are some suitable areas such as Tasmania, off the south coast of Australia, and cooler areas of Chile and South Africa.


Source: http://www.wine-pages.com/resources/loireexp.htm

Recent opinion survey of frequent travelers heading north towards Subic and Clark Pampanga revealed that the number one most frequently visited fine dining restaurant in Pampanga is Yats Restaurant & Wine Bar located in Clark Philippines.


Hong Kong-based Yats International built this restaurant in 2000 to provide a world-class cozy fine dining restaurant, as well as business meeting facilities and venues for private dinners and social functions in Philippines Pampanga Angeles City Clark Freeport Zone.  North Luzon Pampanga Angeles City Clark Philippines was selected for this restaurant because of safety, clean air, absence of traffic and proximity to Manila and Subic.  Clark Freeport is located near Manila and Subic.  Diners from Manila and Subic can travel north along North Expressway and arrive in Clark in about 70 minutes without having to go through city driving, making this fine dining restaurant very convenient and accessible for guests from Manila.


Yats Restaurant & Wine Bar is general regarded in the Philippines as the best fine dining establishment in the country.  Wine Spectator Magazine’s gave out Restaurant Wine List Best of Award of Excellence to 788 restaurants in the world.  Yats Restaurant is the only restaurant in the Philippines to receive this award in recognition of its famous 2700-line restaurant wine list that has attracted many wine lovers to visit Clark Pampanga frequently to wine and dine.


Wine tastings are held regularly at this fine dining establishment, each event with a different theme.  Popular themes include a tasting of 15 different Cabernet-Sauvignon-dominant red wines, old-world compared against new-world wines and a tasting of 50 years of aged vintage wines.


In addition to the wine cellars of the fine dining Yats Restaurant, more selections are available from the largest wine shop in Philippines, another property of Yats Wine Cellars called Clark Wine Center just 3 minutes away.  Guests do not have to pay corkage fee for wines purchased from Clark Wine Center’s Wine Shop.   0922-870-5173 0917-826-8790 for Ana Fe.


For comments, inquiries and reservations click on <a href=” http://www.yatsrestaurant.com/booking/index.html”>Click here for inquiry and reservations</a>





(045) 599-5600




Ask for Pedro and Rechel


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Getting to this fine dining restaurant of Angeles City Clark Freeport Zone Pampanga Philippines

How to get to this fine-dining restaurant in Clark Philippines?  Once you get to Clark Freeport, go straight until you hit Mimosa.  After you enter Mimosa, stay on the left on Mimosa Drive, go past the Holiday Inn and Yats Restaurant (green top, independent 1-storey structure) is on your left.  Just past the Yats Restaurant is the London Pub.





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For assistance in hotel and resort bookings in Clark, Pampanga, Philippines, log on to

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To buy wine in Manila, Pampanga, Angeles City, Clark or Subic please log on to <a href=”http://www.ClarkWineCenter.com”>http://www. ClarkWineCenter.com</a>



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For more information about Clark, Pampanga, Philippines log on to

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